Drug dependence is the bodys physical need, or addiction, to a specific agent. Current concepts on drug abuse and dependence daniela luiza baconi1, annemarie ciobanu2, ana maria vlasceanu1, oana denisa cobani3, carolina negrei1, cristian balalau4 1 carol davila university of medicine and pharmacy, faculty of pharmacy, department of toxicology. The national institute on drug abuse nidas publication provides an overview of the scientific research evaluating substance use and addiction, including the identification of biological and environmental factors and an introduction to. With the information in this guide, parents and caregivers can help their children make smart choices and avoid the consequences of drug abuse. Drug abuse is an intense desire to obtain increasing amounts of a particular substance. Perception of drug abuse amongst nigerian undergraduates. Recently, the fol lowing threestage conceptualization of drugtaking behaviour applying to. Drug abuse information clearly states drug abuse is an extreme desire to obtain, and use, increasing amounts of one or more substances. Drug abuse is a more intense and often willful misuse of drugs. Although survey have indicated high rate of illicit and prescription drugs misuse among college. The connection between depression and substance abuse. Samhsas concept of trauma and guidance for a trauma. The national institute on drug abuse nidas publication provides an overview of the scientific research evaluating substance use and addiction, including the identification of biological and environmental factors and an introduction to the search for the genetic variations that contribute to the development and progression of the disease. Importantly, the text addresses a variety of theoretical bases currently applied to the development of prevention and cessation.
Robins vii 2 7 142 147 157 164 174 180 191 195 201 212 215. Furthermore, the problem instead of diminishing is growing at an alarming rate, threatening to. Drug abuse includes the use of illegal drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin, and other street drugs. Drugs can be broadly defined as substances that change the way the brain and. Substance abuse is when you take drugs that are not legal. Some of the physical problems related to alcohol abuse occur in the short term. During the last two decades, drug abuse prevention programs have evolved considerably. Drug abuse is a major public health problem all over the world unodc, 2005. Drug abuse is a generic term for the abuse of any drug, including alcohol and cigarettes. Concepts, prevention, and cessation serves as a comprehensive source of information on the topography of, causes of, and solutions to drug problems. Drug abuseaddiction jeremy graham may 11, 2015 period, 5 drug abuse and addiction drug abuseaddiction is a major problem in indiana that affects many individual. Drug abuse is the willful misuse of either licit or illicit drugs for the purpose of recreation, perceived necessity or convenience. Frequent abuse of alcohol and other drugs can lead to addiction, a disease that affects the brain and behavior. Drug abuse in nigeria causes effects and solutions.
For some individuals, children or pregnant women, for example, almost any amount of alcohol use may be legally considered alcohol abuse. The abuse may take the form of verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical battering, or psychological emotional unavailability. New jersey department of health and human services, 2007, with heroin accounting for more admissions to treatment centers than all other drugs combined national drug intelligence center, 2008. According to the national institute on drug abuse, data indicates a connection between mood disorders like depression and substance abuse, with those diagnosed with a mood disorder being twice as likely to abuse substances than a person without a mood disorder. The students develop an understanding of what drugs are and how they. Pdf drug abuse is the willful misuse of either licit or illicit drugs for the purpose of recreation.
Improving low selfesteem can help combat many of the most common drug abuse causes, but it should be done as a part of a broader treatment program like those offered at talbott recovery. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Pdf forms of drug abuse and their effects researchgate. People experiment with drugs for many different reasons. This term encompasses drugs, alcohol, chemical or psychoactive substances. Current concepts on drug abuse and dependence valposcholar. Drugs of abuse delivers clear, scientific information about drugs in a factual, straightforward way.
This book introduces some basic concepts in the addictions field. Defining drug terms the different stages or levels of drug use the epidemiological triangle drug facts signs and symptoms of drug use responses to drugrelated scenarios within the school context. The national institute on drug abuse nida is part of the national institutes of health nih, the principal biomedical and behavioral research agency of the united states government. The text covers conceptual issues regarding definitions of drug use, misuse, abuse, and dependence. Such conditions harm the wellbeing and development of children in the home and may set the stage for drug abuse in the next generation. Lukoff achievement, anxiety, and addiction rajendra k. Several solutions such as rehab and drug classes have been tried. The substance abuse and mental health services administration samhsas 2014 national survey on drug use and health nsduh stated. You might take more than the regular dose of pills or use someone elses prescription. The most commonly abused drugs include stimulants, opioids, and benzodiazepines, antihistamines.
The unodc policymakers training package on the nature, prevention, and treatment of drug use disorders is a dynamic tool that can be adapted to the needs of countries and specific audiences in line with unodc international standards on prevention and treatment. As they are victims, it perhaps justifies as to why their lack of awareness to causes and effects of drug abuse contributes largely to drug abuse. Pdf drug abuse, also known as drug addiction is defined as chronic, relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug. Drug abuse is a global health and social problem often times, most people take drug abuse for drug with conditions and problems that vary locally 1. Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is use of a drug in amounts or by methods which are harmful to the individual or others. A psychodynamic approach herbert hendin toward a sociology of drug use irving f. The chapter begins by providing an overview of a definition of a drug, drug use, and drug action and then distinguishes drug use from misuse and provides terms used. Results from nidafunded research have shown that prevention programs involving families, schools, communities, and the media are effective in reducing drug abuse. Alcohol and drug problem overview the abuse of alcohol and other drugsincluding prescription drugsis common and costly. Basic concepts in drug addiction 6 chronic alcohol consumption leads to serious physical and psychological problems. Prevention is the key drug addiction is a preventable disease.
It can cause or worsen many medical problems and if left untreated can destroy families and lives. Concept note unodc policymakers training package on. A master plan is a single document, adopted by government, outlining all national concerns regarding drug control. Differing definitions of drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts. In this definition the compulsive use of a drug for its psychological effects is the only feature, both necessary and sufficient to define the drug dependence. A study was done to determine if low selfconcept is a common denominator as a causative factor of drug abuse among adolescents. But a closer examination of the concepts of addiction and drug abuse reveals a long history of pseudoscientific understanding and application.
Drug abuse is a common problem that is ruining not only the individuals but offering a global issue. The medias role in encouraging drug abuse is exaggerated by jacob sullum 42 although the media may glamorize or sensationalize drug abuse, people who use drugs make a conscious decision to do so. Drug abuse is when you use legal or illegal substances in ways you shouldnt. Concepts of drugs, drug use, misuse, and abuse chapter 1. This term is closely related to another one as old, but widely used today. The global drug concepts drug awareness program was one of the most comprehensive, informative and interactive programs that i have ever attended. The mortality attributed to diseases brought about by alcohol abuse is estimated at between 20,000 and 25,000 cases per year. Substance abuse and mental health services administration. Understanding drug abuse and addiction national institute on. In some cases criminal or antisocial behaviour occurs when the person is under the influence of a drug, and long term. The gdc instructors have clearly had enormous experience in the field and are up to date on all aspects of drug abuse.
This country is listed among countries of the world that have not been unable to fight this problem effectively. Heavy alcohol abuse can cause physical damage and death. Drugs can be broadly defined as substances that change the way the brain and body. Samhsa s concept of trauma and guidance for a traumainformed approach. Drugs, brains, and behavior the science of addiction. Drug abuse in nigeria causes effects and solutions one of the problems that nigeria as a country suffers from is drug abuse. Although many events and cultural factors affect drug abuse trends, when youths perceive drug abuse as harmful, they. Student drugalcohol testing program consent form statistically, about thirty percent of college students in the united states have been reported to show symptoms of alcohol abuse.
The concept does not specify any means of abuse, as abuse can be verbal and nonverbal, 18, and it may take place in both childhood and adulthood 6, 7. Measures that can be taken to control drug abuse according to the study, 79% of students do not offer any measure to curbing drug abuse. Use of alcoholic beverages to excess, either on individual occasions binge drinking or as a regular practice. As with all of the terms discussed here, the meaning of drug addict and addiction are not fixed.
For example, distinctions between drug misuse and abuse, and terms such as street drugs or hard or soft drugs are somewhat ambiguous and perhaps dependent on sociocultural contexts. An openended and forced choice sentence completion was the instrument used to question 37 adolescent members of a. Citing the media as a factor that contributes to drug abuse encourages people to. Alcohol is utilised by two billion people worldwide and is generally considered a socially acceptable drug across all menengage africa countries. Substance abuse and mental health services administration, 2014. How drugs work, drug concept, drug classification, effects of drugs, epidemiology in addictions, prevalence of substance consumption in the school, from use to dependence, diagnosis, consumption patterns, diagnostic criteria, individual and social factors that. In these studies, the direct victims of ahc were exclusively patients and ahc did not necessarily entail intentional harm. Impact of substance abuse on academic performance among adolescent students of colleges of education in kwara state. Using concept mapping in communitybased participatory. The current project took place in newark, the city with the highest prevalence rates for substance abuse in essex county, state of new jersey division of public health services, 2008.1261 368 797 207 534 1128 36 754 210 1149 720 454 1408 977 631 1263 1517 1134 364 817 857 706 12 798 334 1243 710 343 765 250 991 606 82 1037 549 115 720 602 605 821 680